Therefore, a participle always describes a noun or a pronoun in the same sentence. In sum, a gerund is an 'ing' verb that functions as a noun whereas a present participle is an 'ing' verb that either functions as a verb or an adjective. In this examples, the word Reading is a gerund. Other examples of 'ing' verbs that can be classified as present participle and gerund are: walking, praying, standing etc. difference between a gerund and a participle. 2. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. She likes dancing a lot. The difference between a gerund and a present participle is simple: a gerund is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that functions as a noun, and a present participle is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that either functions as an action verb or an adjective. ; Infinitive, to + base verb. A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. "The compound term serves also to bring out the relationship between this form and the past participle: the gerund-participle has a considerably larger distribution than the past participle…" A participle is very different from a gerund. Gerund-participle is the merged term for this -ing word form. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: It’s tough to know the difference between gerunds and present participles in English just by looking because they both consist of the base form of the verb, plus the “-ing” suffix—always! It’s not easy at first to identify a gerund phrase vs participle phrase. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. Basis of the difference: Participle: Gerund: 1. ; It’s difficult to understand. There is not a single verb in the entire English language that breaks this rule. While a gerund works as a noun, a participle works as an adjective. For example, Reading helps the mind. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, so it is important to understand the difference between the two. The purpose of an adjective is to describe a noun or a pronoun. Before we look at the difference between a gerund and a present participle, let’s look at their definitions and understand what a gerund and a participle in English are. An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb/verb phrase. Both use the present participle, which is the ing form of a verb. When a verb is used as a noun, it is called a Gerund. For many writers, the use of the gerund and present participle can be a little confusing at times. Although a gerund looks like a verb, it always has the same function as a noun. 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